Both the meibomian and sebaceous oil glands of the lid can be involved in this process, which begins with a blockage of the normal openings of these glands, leading to the swelling. Typically, there is bacterial contamination.
- Dry skin problems
- Acne rosacea
- Poor lid hygiene
- Incomplete removal of eye makeup
- Outdated or infected cosmetics
- Increased stress
- Hormonal changes
Some of the things you may experience include:
- Redness of the eye
- Discharge from the swelling
- Tenderness to touch
- Very mild blurring of vision
- Burning sensation
- Scratchy feeling in the eye
- Drooping of the eyelid
- Crusting of the eyelid edges
Note: Recurring styes or chalazions without other related factors suggest possible serious disease. With the start of very warm compresses, the growth may get larger temporarily before draining.
- The eyelids are swollen shut.
- There is no improvement after using frequent very warm compresses for 10–14 days.
- There is pus or very thick drainage from the eye.
- Pain or tenderness is increasing despite compresses.
- The swelling is increasing beyond the first 2–3 days.
- The eyelid is hot to the touch.
- You develop a fever.
- Recurrences are frequent, especially at the same location.
- Progressive vision changes are experienced, including double vision.
- Surgical incision and drainage
- Injection of steroid into the growth
- Antibiotic ointments
- Antibiotic drops
- Oral antibiotics (especially if there is possible lid infection suspected)
- Treatment for underlying/contributing conditions such as dandruff, acne rosacea, psoriasis, etc.