Acne excoriée is a type of acne that is sometimes called picker's acne because it occurs when the affected individual picks at the acne lesions. This kind of acne is most often seen in teen girls. The picking exacerbates the acne and causes scars; the scarring leads to more acne and, ultimately, more picking. Anxiety, depression, and other emotional problems may accompany acne excoriée.The acne itself, known as common acne, or acne vulgaris, is a very common skin condition caused by many factors. Treatments are aimed at these various factors and include antibiotics, medications to increase skin turnover, and medications to decrease inflammation. In the case of acne excoriée, the treatment should also address possible emotional problems.
Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is thought to be caused by multiple factors. Overproduction of a normal oil on the skin, called sebum, increases under the influence of hormones. This, coupled with insufficient shedding of exfoliating dead skin cells, plugs hair follicles. The plugged follicle can become inflamed and have increased growth of normal skin bacteria, Propionibacterium acnes. Medications such as lithium, cortisone, hormones, iodides, some seizure medications, or isoniazid can also cause acne lesions.There is no cure for acne, but certain measures can help prevent more breakouts. Acne can result in scarring, so minimizing breakouts is important.
Acne keloidalis nuchae, also known as keloidal folliculitis or nuchal keloidal acne, is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflamed bumps and scars on the back of the neck.Although it is not related to common acne (acne vulgaris), acne keloidalis nuchae initially appears as acne-like lesions of inflamed hair follicles (folliculitis) on the nape of the neck (nuchal area) and, without treatment, can result in large scars (keloids).
Babies can develop blemishes on their face that looks exactly like acne commonly seen in teens. Although the cause of baby acne is unknown, it may be the result of maternal or infant hormones (androgens) stimulating glands in the face to produce oil, or sebum. Baby acne can essentially be divided into 2 groups: neonatal acne, which affects babies in their first month of life; and infantile acne, which typically affects babies 3–16 months of age. Neonatal acne that is confined to the face is called benign cephalic pustulosis, while infantile acne is usually more severe than neonatal acne and consists of more lesions. The later form may last a few weeks to a few months, but most cases usually resolve by age 3.
A variety of methods involving light can be used to improve acne. A popular approach is to combine an infrared laser with skin cooling to target oil gland production, a key element in acne formation. A second approach involves a chemical that makes the oil gland and follicle sensitive to light plus the application of a bright light such as a laser, Intense Pulsed Light, or lamp. A recently described method uses a suction apparatus mated to an Intense Pulsed Light source to remove plugged up follicles before applying laser energy.
Photorejuvenation, simply put, is the use of light (in laser or non-laser form) to make the skin look younger. Aged skin has wrinkles, brown spots, uneven texture, and sags due to gravity. The latest lasers tend to work very well for most age-related problems except for sagging skin and lines due to muscle expression. A bewildering variety of lasers claim to improve aged skin, and this overview will not be able to cover each in detail. Cost ranges from a few hundred dollars to several thousand dollars per treatment, depending on the technology.Several general types of technology exist:Ablative with total skin resurfacing – The entire surface of the skin is peeled away. Fractional ablative laser resurfacing – Pinpoint laser beams peel away many small areas of skin. Fractional non-ablative laser resurfacing – Pinpoint laser beams that super-heat many small areas of skin leaving microscopic areas of skin intact.
Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelids. When it involves the outside front of the eyelid, where the eyelashes are attached, it is called anterior blepharitis. Anterior blepharitis may be caused by: Bacteria Scalp dandruff (seborrheic dermatitis) Allergy Psoriasis If blepharitis involves the inner eyelid, it is called posterior blepharitis. Posterior blepharitis may be caused by:Dysfunction of the oil (meibomian) glands in the eyelid Acne rosacea Scalp dandruff (seborrheic dermatitis)Allergy
A stye (hordeolum) is a local, acutely inflamed growth (swelling, lesion) of the eyelid. They can occur at the lid margin or farther up the lid on either the inner (tarsal) side or the outer (skin) side of the lid. A chalazion is the chronic form of a stye, and its cellular makeup is different than that of a stye.Both the meibomian and sebaceous oil glands of the lid can be involved in this process, which begins with a blockage of the normal openings of these glands, leading to the swelling. Typically, there is bacterial contamination.
Acne is actually a wide variety of complex disease states, from small bumps to red inflammatory nodules and pustules, all influenced by genetic and hormonal makeup. To help understand it, we start with the fact that the human body is covered with millions of hairs, the vast majority so small they can’t be seen. But you can see the pores where the hairs protrude. And that’s where the trouble begins.
I didn’t suffer with acne until I was an adult. Just into my thirties, I noticed more breakouts. What’s worse, the annoying red pimples left brown marks on my skin for weeks to months! Now I understand why.
Acne rosacea is a chronic disorder that primarily affects facial skin. It typically appears after age 30, first as red blotches on the cheeks, nose, chin, or forehead. Over time, the affected areas become more severe and more persistent, and blood vessels may appear. Untreated, acne rosacea can develop into bumps and pimples. Many sufferers also experience irritated eyes that appear watery or bloodshot.
If you struggle with controlling acne, you are not alone. Acne can have an extremely negative impact on quality of life because it is usually quite visible. While many cases of teenage acne resolve with age after hormones calm down, for some adults, acne becomes a chronic condition, causing frustration and a never-ending search for “the cure.”
Rosacea is a chronic, common problem for many adults and appears in many different forms and levels of severity. All forms of rosacea have at least one of three primary symptoms. These include 1) pimples similar to acne, 2) redness and/or prominent blood vessels, and 3) rhinophyma (an enlarged, bulbous, ruddy nose). A person with rosacea may have just one symptom, a combination of two symptoms, or all three. In my experience, rosacea affects men and women equally, although rhinophyma tends to be more common in men.
If you have acne, you're certainly not alone. An estimated 85% of US adolescents and young adults have acne, making it one of the most common skin conditions in the nation.
Acne is an extremely common problem for both adolescents and adults. It's not surprising that there are many misconceptions and myths about acne, and I'd like to take the time to address some of them here. Myth #1: My acne is caused by my diet.
Whether you are fortunate to have clear skin or fighting in the battle against acne, Skinsight would like to enlighten you about acne and the different kinds that are out there. Believe it or not there are different types of acne affecting a wide variety of people every day, such as picker’s acne, rosacea, and acne keloidalis nuchae. For acne awareness month, we have special articles, slide shows, and discussion forums dedicated to the skin condition that affects over 85% of Americans at some point.