Aging gracefully is not desirable to some people when there are many effective and safe cosmetic procedures that can temporarily reduce a very prominent sign of aging: wrinkles. One such procedure involves the use of botulinum toxin injections. Botulinum toxin is produced by the fermentation of a type of bacteria called Clostridium botulinum. The most widely used form of botulinum toxin is Type A (Botox® Cosmetic, Allergan, Inc). Botulinum toxin, what we will now refer to simply as Botox, used cosmetically, works by temporarily preventing the nerve from activating the muscle responsible for wrinkling the skin.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is darkening of the skin in an area of prior injury or skin disorder from increased pigment (melanin) left from the healing process. Sometimes the darkening may also be due to an iron pigment left behind when old red blood cells die. Acne is a common cause as well as any type of skin injury (scrapes, cuts, burns, insect bites, or chronic rubbing) or many other skin disorders, such as eczema (atopic dermatitis).
Shingles, also known as herpes zoster, is a painful rash caused by the varicella-zoster virus, the same virus that causes chickenpox. After a person recovers from chickenpox, the virus remains sleeping (dormant) in certain nerves in the body. As we get older, our immune system becomes weaker and may not be strong enough to control the virus. Shingles occurs if the virus becomes active again, growing down the nerves to reach the skin and appearing as small, painful blisters.
Condyloma acuminatum is the medical term for genital warts, which are an infection spread through skin-to-skin contact during sexual activity. The warts are caused by a virus called the human papillomavirus (HPV). There are more than 30 strains of HPV that cause warts, and some of the strains are serious and can cause some cancers, including cervical cancer. There is no cure for HPV, but there is a vaccine that is available through a doctor to prevent the strains of HPV that cause cancer. However, a person who has had the vaccine can still get genital warts.Warts often go away on their own, but if they do not, a doctor can remove the warts one by one. Removing the warts does not cure the affected person of HPV, and the warts can come back at any time. Because the warts are spread through skin-to-skin contact, condoms are not always protective against warts, though condoms are a good idea to use to prevent many other sexually transmitted diseases.In 2006, the FDA approved the first HPV vaccine (Gardasil®). It protects against 4 strains of HPV that cause 70% of cervical cancers and 90% of genital warts. The HPV vaccine is a series of 3 shots over a 6-month period. In the US, Gardasil is approved for girls/women and boys/men ages 9–26. The vaccine is most effective when given before an individual becomes sexually active, but it can be given after sexual activity has begun.
It's the Tuesday after Labor Day and today marks the first day of school for millions of students around the US. Therefore today also marks the beginning of those pesky school-time ills that plague our children. Head lice is among the worst parasites kids can encounter. Head lice are hard to kill and more persistent than wildfire. Typically forcing parents to wash everything their child owns or has possibly come in contact with.
Finally, there is a new hope for adult patients suffering from moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (AD), or eczema. Both dermatologists and AD patients can celebrate. Dupilumab has been approved by the FDA to treat adult AD although its long-term safety and effectiveness have not been established yet. More data is needed on how long benefits last and whether there are safety concerns that have not yet become apparent based on the clinical trials.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Xeomin for for temporary improvement of moderate to severe glabellar lines (frown lines). Under the brand name Bocouture, Xeomin is already approved in 14 countries including Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy and Spain. It was FDA-approved in 2010 for the treatment of cervical dystonia and blepharospasm.
Quick ways to lose weight, and inches from your waist, are touted on millions of infomercials and ads on the Internet. However, one new treatment that is now FDA approved may be a good alternative for those thinking about undergoing a surgical procedure to shed some pounds.
CNN reported that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has released a warning to consumers that skin creams, beauty and antiseptic soaps and lotions contaminated with mercury have been found in at least 7 states. The products are made aborad and sold within the United States as skin lighteners and anti-aging creams. Products are being promoted as being able to remove age spots, freckles, wrinkles, other skin blemishes and even acne medication for teens.
Cosmetics is a multibillion-dollar-a-year industry with limited regulations. The FDA lacks the power to approve products or an ingredient used in cosmetics and has not specifically determined what is “safe.” Because compounds placed on the skin can readily be absorbed into the body, is this something to be concerned about?
With summer well under way, whether you’re a routine sunscreen user or were driven to the drugstore by a bad sunburn, you’ve probably been overwhelmed by the enormous selection of sunscreen products on the shelves. In addition, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released new guidelines and regulations last month regarding sunscreen labeling that will be implemented before the next summer, so even if you are sticking to a familiar product, there’s room for confusion, as the packaging and labels may change to fit regulations. Here is a primer to help you navigate the products and choose which is best for you.