Eczema, formally known as atopic dermatitis, is a common disorder in infants and is associated with dry and itchy patches of skin. Young children will often scratch at the dry skin, causing bleeding in the affected area. Eczema can occur on any part of the body and is most common on skin that is stretched often (eg, the back of elbows and front of knees).Eczema is not contagious and it is not an infection, but prolonged scratching can allow bacteria to get through the skin and cause an infection. Some common triggers that cause eczema include:Heat and humidity Abrasive clothing Tobacco smoke and chemicals Some soaps and detergents
Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is a common illness of infants and children. In infants, it starts with fever, fussiness, and poor appetite. Within 2–3 days, painful sores develop in the mouth. A skin rash can also develop shortly after appearance of the mouth sores, usually restricted to the hands and soles of the feet. This disease appears suddenly (acute) and will go away by itself without any treatment (self-limited), usually lasting for a total of 7–10 days. Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is caused by viruses of the enterovirus group, particularly coxsackievirus A16. This virus is highly contagious and is spread from person to person by direct contact with secretions from the nose or mouth or from stool. Outbreaks of hand-foot-and-mouth disease occur more frequently in summer and early fall. Infants in day care often spread it to one another.While complications associated with hand-foot-and-mouth disease are rare, they can occur. These include infection of the brain, in which case the infant would need to be hospitalized.
Question: Is it bad to treat itchy skin with hydrocortisone, because it merely treats the itch (if even that) and not the underlying cause?
As winter approaches, the skin irritations and rashes associated with eczema tend to start showing up with increased frequency. As a pediatric dermatologist I see this trend in my patients every year. Eczema in children first shows up in infancy and gets better as kids get older. But in the meantime, many sufferers of childhood eczema find this time of year uncomfortable. In this post I explain some of the common triggers of eczema-related rashes and offer some suggestions for parents to deal with these symptoms.