Erythrasma is a common chronic skin condition affecting the skin folds. The slowly enlarging patches of pink-to-brown, dry skin are caused by an infection with the bacterium called Corynebacterium minutissimum.
Sweaty sock syndrome (juvenile plantar dermatosis) is a condition where the skin becomes scaly and red on the soles of the feet of children and young teenagers.The cause of sweaty sock syndrome is unknown, though alternating moist and dry conditions may lead to the condition. It tends to be a long-lasting (chronic) condition, lasting, on average, about 3 years. Sweaty sock syndrome usually goes away when a child reaches puberty.
Impetigo is a common and contagious bacterial skin infection that is usually a minor problem, but sometimes complications may occur that require treatment. Complications of impetigo can include deeper skin infection (called cellulitis), inflammation around the brain or spinal cord (meningitis), or a kidney inflammation (post streptococcal glomerulonephritis). Impetigo often starts with a cut or break in the skin, which allows bacteria to enter. Impetigo is usually caused by "staph" (Staphylococcus) or "strep" (Streptococcus) bacteria.
A drug rash, also known as a drug eruption or a drug reaction, is a skin condition that results from an allergic reaction to a drug. The drug does not have to be applied to the skin to cause a skin rash. Any medication has the potential to cause a drug rash.
Keratosis pilaris is a very common harmless skin condition appearing as small, whitish bumps on the upper arms and thighs, especially of children and young adults.Individual lesions of keratosis pilaris begin when a hair follicle becomes plugged with keratin, a protein found in skin, hair, and nails.
Bedbugs are very small (apple seed-sized) insects (Cimex lectularius) that feed on the blood of humans and other warm-blooded mammals. They live in dark, dry places such as mattresses, rugs, and upholstered furniture, and come out at dawn to feed by making small bites in their food source. The bite itself is painless, so children rarely wake up at the time of the bedbug bite, but the resulting bite leaves behind a highly allergenic (allergic-reaction causing) substance in the skin. This substance causes a very itchy rash in most people. Your child will awaken with a rash of scattered pink or red bumps or a welt. The bumps themselves are not dangerous, but children can get skin infections if they scratch and break the skin. Bedbugs probably do not cause the spread of blood-borne diseases.
Scabies is an itchy skin condition caused by a tiny mite called Sarcoptes scabiei that can live and multiply on skin. Scabies is not an "infection;" it is an "infestation," but the two words tend to be used interchangeably when discussing scabies. Scabies is passed between people by prolonged skin-to-skin contact. Scabies is extremely contagious and spreads rapidly in crowded conditions such as hospitals, nursing homes, child-care facilities, and other situations where people spend extended periods of time in close contact with each other.The itchy rash of scabies develops when a pregnant female mite burrows into the outer surface (superficial) skin and lays eggs. The human immune system is highly sensitive to the presence of the mite and produces a massive allergic response, which causes intense itching. Although a typical infection includes only 10–20 mites, people are so sensitive to the mite that hundreds of itchy skin lesions are created. Without treatment, the condition will not usually improve.
Cellulitis is an infection of the deeper skin tissue, most often caused by the types of bacteria called Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, or (in children under 2 years old, Haemophilus). These bacteria invade the skin through small cracks (fissures) in the skin, causing the sudden appearance of skin redness, swelling, and the sensation of heat. Cellulitis often occurs with fever and chills.If the infection goes untreated too long, cellulitis can result in pockets of pus (abscesses) or the bacteria can spread into the bloodstream (bacteremia). However, most cellulitis heals after treatment with antibiotics.
It's the Tuesday after Labor Day and today marks the first day of school for millions of students around the US. Therefore today also marks the beginning of those pesky school-time ills that plague our children. Head lice is among the worst parasites kids can encounter. Head lice are hard to kill and more persistent than wildfire. Typically forcing parents to wash everything their child owns or has possibly come in contact with.
Before I share my experience with Mohs surgery and what I learned, I want to make a very strong point. If you have anything on your skin that stays on for more than 1-3 months, get it checked out. It doesn’t matter what it looks like. We often see the pictures of what skin cancer is supposed to look like: my lesions didn’t look anything like the examples. Personally, I’d always thought skin cancer would appear much worse, but mine didn’t even look odd. I wasn’t even expecting it to be skin cancer. So please, if you have any abnormality, get it checked out.
As winter approaches, the skin irritations and rashes associated with eczema tend to start showing up with increased frequency. As a pediatric dermatologist I see this trend in my patients every year. Eczema in children first shows up in infancy and gets better as kids get older. But in the meantime, many sufferers of childhood eczema find this time of year uncomfortable. In this post I explain some of the common triggers of eczema-related rashes and offer some suggestions for parents to deal with these symptoms.
I’m a pediatric dermatologist who specializes in the care of severe inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. These conditions can impair the overall health, development, and quality of life of affected children.
Your skin is a strong, yet delicate barrier that both protects us and plays a role in defining who we are. When something happens to your skin it is a natural tendency to want to fix the problem. Unfortunately, not everyone has the means to get medical help. Luckily there are a number of Dermatologists and doctors that donate their time and skills. November is all about being thankful. In tribute to the upcoming holiday, we would like to recognize several humanitarian efforts in the world of dermatology.
I've never had a skin cancer, but I've had a lot of sun damage and burns in the past. Should I see a dermatologist?
Atopic dermatitis (AD), or eczema, is a skin problem that is characterized by itchy, red, and inflamed skin. Up to 20% of kids will have AD. What if we could prevent the development of allergic contact dermatitis in children? There are some experts who believe we can. They are advocating for a strategy called Pre-emptive Avoidance Strategy.
Since anytime is a good time to talk about skin cancer, I thought this would be a great time to address some of the most common questions I am asked in the office regarding skin cancer. As the month progresses, I welcome more questions from our readers. In the meantime I hope you find these helpful.