Pink eye (conjunctivitis) is an inflammation of the tissue on the surface of the eye and/or the inside lining of the eyelids. Common causes in children are usually due to infection with viruses or bacteria, allergies, or an environmental irritant such as chemicals, fumes, dust, or debris. Eye injury can also result in a pink/red eye that is bothersome to the child, sometimes causing visual problems as well.
Unconsciousness is an abnormal state in which a person is not alert and not fully responsive to his/her surroundings. Levels of unconsciousness range from drowsiness to collapse and may range in severity from fainting to coma.Unlike when a person is asleep, someone who is unconscious cannot cough, clear his/her throat, or turn his/her head if in distress. When unconscious, a person is in danger of choking, making it very important to keep the airway clear while awaiting medical care.First Aid GuideIf you find an unconscious person, try to determine what caused the loss of consciousness. Check to see if he/she is wearing a medical alert tag.If you can determine what caused the loss of consciousness, call emergency medical services and give first aid for that illness or injury until they arrive. If you cannot determine what caused the loss of consciousness, give first aid for general unconsciousness and call emergency medical services if the person does not revive promptly (ie, within a couple minutes).Check the person's airway, breathing, and circulation. If you do not think there is a spinal injury, put the person in the recovery position: Position the person lying face up. Turn the person's face toward you. Take the person's arm that is closest to you, and place it to his/her side, tucking it under the buttock. Take the person's other arm, and place it across his/her chest. Cross the person's ankles by placing his/her far leg over the near leg. Supporting the person's head with one hand, pull his/her clothing at the hip, rolling toward you. The person will be on his/her stomach, facing you. Bend one arm up and one arm down, to support the upper and lower body. Tilt the person's head back to allow air to move freely in and out of the mouth.If you do think there is a possible spinal injury, leave the person as you found him/her (as long as breathing continues). If the person vomits or bleeds out of his/her mouth, roll his/her entire body at one time to the side. Be sure to support the person's neck and back to keep the head and body in the same position while you roll him/her. Keep the person warm until emergency medical help arrives.Note: If the person awakens during the above self-care measures and he/she becomes restless or agitated, attempt to gently restrain him/her.The following should be avoided in the case of loss of consciousness:Do not give an unconscious person anything by mouth; even if he/she regains consciousness, do not give anything until consulting a physician. Do not attempt to wake an unconscious person by slapping or shaking him/her or by putting cold water on the person. Do not put a pillow under the head of an unconscious person, as this could block his/her airway.
Trench fever is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Bartonella quintana, which is carried and transmitted to humans by the common body louse (a small, wingless insect that lives in the clothes of infested people). Trench fever received its name during World War I, when millions of troops living in close, unhygienic quarters were infested with body lice and infected with trench fever. Trench fever is not usually a serious disease and can be easily treated; if left untreated, serious complications include heart damage.
Fainting is a form of unconsciousness that is quick and brief, often due to low blood sugar or standing in one place for too long. Fainting can also be caused by a more serious medical matter. Unconsciousness is an abnormal state in which a person is not alert and not fully responsive to his/her surroundings.Unlike when a person is asleep, someone who has fainted and is unconscious cannot cough, clear his/her throat, or turn his/her head if in distress. When unconscious, a person is in danger of choking, making it very important to keep the airway clear while awaiting medical care.First Aid GuideIn the event of fainting, attempt the following self-care measures:If possible, try to prevent someone who is fainting from hitting the ground. Lay the person down on the ground, face up, and elevate his/her feet 8–12 inches. Loosen any constrictive clothing. Apply a cool, wet compress to the person's forehead. Attempt to keep the person from standing up until fully recovered.Note:If the person vomits while he/she is unconscious, quickly turn him/her to allow the fluid to drain while protecting the person's airway. Do not attempt to give an unconscious person anything by mouth. Do not shake or slap a person who has fainted to attempt to make him/her regain consciousness.If the person was injured while fainting, give first aid for any injuries (eg, bumps, bruises, or cuts) accordingly. Bleeding should be stopped with direct pressure.
Perioral dermatitis is an acne-like problem commonly seen around the mouth in children.Children are otherwise well, but they develop small pink bumps around the mouth and sometimes around the nose and eyes. The rash may be mildly itchy (pruritic) and it may come and go (wax and wane) over time. Using a topical steroid may trigger perioral dermatitis. Fluorinated dental care products and skin products containing petrolatum, paraffin, or isopropyl myristate may also trigger the condition.
Yellow fever is a viral illness caused by the bite of a mosquito carrying the yellow fever virus. Yellow fever received its name from the yellow discoloration (known as jaundice) to some patients' skin. Yellow fever can cause only mild illness – with only fever and headache – or it can cause a much more serious illness, with damage to every major organ system (heart, kidneys, liver) and eventually massive bleeding (hemorrhage) due to liver failure. The most severe infections are up to 50% fatal, though only a small percentage (15%) of cases are severe. Most people recover from yellow fever. The infection is only passed from mosquito to human; there is no human-to-human transmission.
Rosacea, sometimes called adult acne, is a chronic inflammation of the face of unknown cause and without a permanent cure. Four different types of rosacea have been described:"Red face" rosacea, with a tendency to face flushing (or blushing), which can progress to a persistent redness of the nose or central face "Acne"-like bumps and/or pus-filled lesions (papulopustular rosacea), with or without a red face or flushing Rhinophyma – slow enlargement of oil glands and skin thickening of the nose and sometimes other face areas, usually in men Eye problems (ocular rosacea), which may occur before skin changes – a burning or gritty feeling may be present as well as reddening of the eyes and lids
Contact lens solution toxicity refers to those conditions in the eye that are the result of an unwanted reaction to the use of such solutions. Not only might there be a reaction to the active ingredient in the solution but, many times, it is the vehicle (what the active ingredients are dissolved in) or the preservative in the solution that sets off the reaction. The reaction may be noninfectious (inflammatory), allergic, or both.There are many different types of solutions used with contact lenses, and all can cause a toxic reaction. Such solutions include:Cleaning solutions Rinsing solutions Disinfecting solutions Multipurpose solutions Rewetting solutions Artificial tear products
It is difficult to determine where some medical myths originate from, but many are old wives’ tales passed on from generation to generation (Don’t touch that toad, you’ll get a wart!!). Here are some more common, often believed medical myths.
Turning 30 has made me look at beauty a little differently, especially living in Los Angeles. I hear the stories of women 25 year old getting “preventative” Botox and I think to myself how silly is that. But then I reflect about it and it doesn’t sound like such a bad idea. Why not try to capture this youthfulness for as long as possible.
If getting rid of lines around your eyes and forehead are at the top of your wish list, we have just the thing! Botulinum rejuvenation is quick and easy. Be sure to consult your dermatologist before deciding on this procedure.
In part one of the series, we looked at melanin and skin coloration, as well as several conditions common in skin of color. As we discussed, melanin is the substance that gives color to your hair, eyes, and skin.
Acne rosacea is a chronic disorder that primarily affects facial skin. It typically appears after age 30, first as red blotches on the cheeks, nose, chin, or forehead. Over time, the affected areas become more severe and more persistent, and blood vessels may appear. Untreated, acne rosacea can develop into bumps and pimples. Many sufferers also experience irritated eyes that appear watery or bloodshot.
What is melanin you ask? Well, melanin is the substance that gives color to your hair, eyes, and skin. The summer is a great time to celebrate skin health, especially since we show it off more now than in other months. Although all skin types can be troubled with the same skin health issues, some conditions occur more often and/or are more difficult to diagnose in individuals with darker skin. These conditions include: melasma, vitiligo, keloids, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Q: I have never had a chemical peel and would like to try one, but I am afraid of the thought of acid on my face. Should I be worried? A: Chemical peels can improve and smooth the texture of facial skin by removing damaged outer layers and can be helpful in treating dull facial texture and color, fine wrinkles around the eyes and mouth, uneven pigmentation (solar lentigines, or “sun spots”), melasma, mild acne, and even precancerous lesions (ie, actinic keratoses).
Pimples, a constantly flushed complexion, prominent blood vessels, and a bulbous nose – if you’re familiar with any combination of these symptoms, chances are good that you may have rosacea. You wouldn’t be alone. Approximately 14 million people in the US and millions more worldwide have this persistent and trying skin condition. Often referred to as “adult acne,” rosacea is actually a chronic inflammation of the face. Its cause is unknown, and there is no permanent cure.