Ichthyosis vulgaris, sometimes known as fish scale disease or common ichthyosis, is a skin disorder in which the skin accumulates much faster than usual, causing thick, dry scales. The scaly skin tends to build up on places where the skin doesn't rub against itself, so it is usually worse on the legs, arms, and back and less severe on the creases of the groin and armpits. Though the scaly skin itself is usually not life threatening, it is a difficult disorder to live with because it requires daily upkeep (bathing and applying lotions) to keep the scales under control.There are many kinds of ichthyosis, but ichthyosis vulgaris is the most common. Most types are passed down in families (hereditary) and appear first in childhood, though, very rarely, can be acquired later in life through certain exposures. Ichthyosis is not contagious.
Dermatitis, in general, refers to an inflammation of the skin. Irritant contact dermatitis, specifically, is an inflammation of the skin caused by contact with a foreign substance. This can be any chemical substance, including soaps, detergents, and fabric softeners. The reaction can look like a burn.Infants experiencing irritant contact dermatitis will usually be fussy. There may be obvious skin irritation, including inflammation, swelling of the area, and warmth. The rash will be confined to the specific area that came into contact with the offending agent. The onset of the skin reaction in irritant contact dermatitis is immediate, as opposed to allergic contact dermatitis, where there is a delayed reaction in which the offending substance causes production of antibodies that cause the rash to develop.
Dry skin (xerosis) is a condition of rough, dry skin with fine scaling of skin and, occasionally, with small cracks in the skin. Dry skin is also known as winter itch or asteatosis.Often itchy, dry skin is caused by environmental factors, such as cold weather and frequent bathing, and by medical conditions, such as atopic dermatitis and malnutrition. Dry skin develops due to a decrease in the natural oils in the outer layer of skin, which makes the skin lose water.
Notalgia paresthetica is a condition where the skin of the upper back becomes itchy, and there is often a darker patch of skin on the itchy area. Notalgia paresthetica may be caused by a problem with the nerve cells that provide feeling to the skin of the upper back (sensory neuropathy). Skin changes, if present, are due to chronic rubbing and scratching of the affected area.
Keratosis pilaris is a very common benign skin condition appearing as small, whitish bumps on the upper arms and thighs, especially of children and young adults. Individual lesions of keratosis pilaris arise when a hair follicle becomes plugged with keratin, a protein found in skin, hair, and nails.
Lichen simplex chronicus (LSC), also known as neurodermatitis circumscripta, is an itchy skin condition causing thickened skin at the areas of skin injured by repeated scratching and rubbing. Lichen simplex chronicus is not a primary disease but rather the skin's response to chronic physical injury (trauma). The gradual thickening of skin, caused by repetitive scratching and rubbing, is called lichenification.Lichen simplex chronicus begins as itchy skin. The itching leads to scratching and rubbing, which causes thickening of skin. The thickened skin is itchy, which causes more scratching and, thus, more skin thickening. This scratch-itch cycle continues if not treated.
Dermatitis is a term used to describe irritation of the skin with scaling, rough or dry skin, redness, itching, and sometimes oozing, crusts, and erosions. Stasis is a term used to describe leg swelling seen in conditions of poor circulation and fluid buildup.Stasis dermatitis is skin irritation and breakdown due to the fluid accumulating under the skin.Stasis dermatitis can be due to venous insufficiency (vein valve malfunction), heart failure, and other conditions that cause swelling, usually in the legs, but sometimes in other areas as well.
Eczema, or atopic dermatitis (AD), is a common inflammatory skin disease with the hallmark of itchy, red, and "angry" skin. It's the most common skin disease we see in babies and newborns. Moisturizers have long played an important role in the treatment of AD. But what if moisturizers did more? What if moisturizers could actually prevent AD before it even started in high-risk newborns?
My last post was the first of a two-part series where I offer my insight and advice on how to select the right cleansers, exfoliants, humectants, antioxidants, and moisturizer products for your skin and budget. The first post covered cleansers, exfoliants and humectants. In this post I discuss antioxidants and moisturizers and their role in helping your skin slow down the aging process. My goal is to help you understand 1) how to use these products, 2) what to look for in the ingredient labels, and 3) which ingredients are worth your money.
When it comes to vacationing for spring break, there is one thing almost everyone overlooks: the time you spend in the air can do a number on your skin. While we have already discussed what you need to pack to protect your skin during your vacation, here are a few DOs and DON’Ts to ensure your skin looks its best before, during, and after your flight.Before your flight:
Nearly everyone has experienced some type of sunburn, and even a mild burn can cause significant discomfort with pain, itching, burning, dry and peeling skin, and, in severe cases, blistering. The best way to treat a sunburn is to prevent one.
Q: It seems like every time I get a pimple, it turns into a scar. How do I prevent that? A: You are right to focus on prevention. The first rule is, as tempting as it might be, don’t pick at your face! Picking at pimples irritates the skin and increases the risk of developing an inflammatory response that leads to scarring. Pay attention to how often you touch your face, consciously and unconsciously. Frequently touching your face can spread more bacteria, increasing the chance of acne scarring. Keep track of that habit and break it!
Q: What’s the difference between a lotion, a cream, and a gel? Which will clog my pores the least? A: The consistency of the products is the biggest difference.
Q: I feel like I am looking older and have never done anything about it. Do I have to use expensive products to improve the appearance of my skin? Where do I start? A: Aging skin, or “looking old,” is the result of two distinct causes – intrinsic and extrinsic conditions. Intrinsic aging is the natural aging process that begins in our mid-20s.