Primary HIV infection (PHI) is an illness that can develop when a person becomes infected with HIV, also known as the virus that leads to AIDS. PHI occurs in about half of people who are exposed to HIV; it develops in weeks to months after infection with HIV and often mimics the flu with fatigue, muscle aches, swollen glands, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It is very difficult to tell the difference between a regular viral illness such as the flu and PHI, although only those who are at risk for exposure to HIV can develop PHI. Tell your doctor if you have had unprotected sex with an infected partner or shared needles or syringes with an infected person. It is important to know as early as possible if you have HIV because you want to protect yourself (by seeing an HIV specialist and perhaps beginning a regimen of antiviral drugs) and protect others. There is no cure for HIV or AIDS.The HIV virus lives in some body fluids (blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk) but not others (sweat, tears, or urine). It is transmitted when the former types of fluids are spread to another person by oral, anal, or vaginal sex; breast-feeding; or intravenous drug use. HIV can also be passed from a mother to a baby, either during the pregnancy or delivery.
In Florida this year, nine people have died and another 27 reported infections from Vibrio vulnificus bacteria, which lives in salty water. Such infections are rare, but cases have steadily risen in Florida since 2008, when 15 cases and five deaths were reported. Vibrio vulnificus are naturally occurring bacteria in saltwater, which are more commonly found in stagnant and brackish waters with lower salinity levels, such as estuaries and inlets.
When image contributors on opposite sides of the country submitted photographs to VisualDx of patients with dark purple lesions of the ears, cheeks, and face, we realized we were witnessing the emergence of a serious public health concern.
Disease summary is provided courtesy of VisualDx, the visual diagnostic decision support system for health care professionals. To view more images of Cocaine Levamisole Toxicity and other visually presenting diseases and adverse drug reactions, log in to VisualDx or try it now. Diagnosis Synopsis Cocaine Levamisole Toxicity : Cocaine contaminated with levamisole has been detected in the United States since 2003, and the incidence of toxicity caused by this contamination has been increasing rapidly since 2008. Use of cocaine that has been adulterated with levamisole can lead to a constellation of symptoms including agranulocytosis, neutropenia, and a vasculitis-like purpuric tender skin eruption. The most common sites of purpura are the external ears and cheeks. The purpura is generally followed by skin necrosis, but resolves several weeks after cessation of cocaine use. Recurrent use of contaminated cocaine generally results in recurrent skin eruptions.
There are many different brands of soaps and cleansers on the market today designed for many purposes, from fighting acne-causing bacteria to providing moisture. With so many different types of soap available today, it is hard to imagine how we ever survived with plain old-fashioned soap that was not designed for a specific skin type or purpose. As with any innovation, soap has gone through many changes since its inception thousands of years ago to become as varied and beneficial as it is today.