Tinea infections are commonly called ringworm because some may form a ring-like pattern on affected areas of the body. Tinea corporis, also known as ringworm of the body, tinea circinata, or simply as ringworm, is a surface (superficial) fungal infection of the skin. Ringworm may be passed to humans by direct contact with infected people, infected animals (such as kittens or puppies), contaminated objects (such as towels or locker room floors), or the soil.There are several kinds of ringworm, including:Majocchi's granuloma, a deeper fungal infection of skin, hair, and hair follicles. It is most common in women who shave their legs. Tinea corporis gladiatorum, a special name given to ringworm spread by skin-to-skin contact between wrestlers. Tinea imbricata, a form of ringworm seen in Central and South America, Asia, and the South Pacific.
Tinea capitis is the medical term for ringworm, a very common fungal infection, of the scalp. Despite the name, there are no worms involved in scalp ringworm, rather the rash forms a scaly, round patch that sometimes clears or improves in the middle, thus looking like a ring. Ringworm can occur on other parts of the body, but scalp ringworm is commonly seen in children. It is contagious and is acquired by contact with infected people, animals, or objects (such as towels, combs, and pillows). Scalp ringworm should be treated (by a prescription medicine your doctor can prescribe) because it is contagious and because, if left untreated, the affected area can develop hair loss and sometimes another, more serious, infection called a kerion.
Tinea infections are commonly called ringworm because some may form a ring-like pattern on affected areas of the body. Beard ringworm (tinea barbae), also known as tinea sycosis or barber's itch, is a fungal infection of the skin, hair, and hair follicles of the beard and mustache area. Beard ringworm may be passed to other people by direct contact with infected people or animals, with contaminated objects, or from the soil.Although beard ringworm is most common in men, it may also affect women who have dark, coarse hair on their faces and necks.
Tinea infections are commonly called ringworm because some infections form a ring-like pattern on affected areas of the body. Facial ringworm (tinea faciei), also known as tinea faciale or ringworm of the face, is a common, non-cancerous (benign) fungal infection of the surface (superficial) skin of the face. Facial ringworm may be passed to humans by direct contact with infected people, infected animals, contaminated objects (such as towels) or the soil.In children and most women, facial ringworm can appear on any part of the face. In all men and in women who have dark, course hair on their face, it is known as beard ringworm (tinea barbae) when the infection occurs on the bearded part of the face.
Athlete's foot (tinea pedis), also known as ringworm of the foot, is a surface (superficial) fungal infection of the skin of the foot. Though it is not commonly found in children, athlete's foot is the most common fungal disease in humans.Athlete's foot may be passed to humans by direct contact with infected people, infected animals, contaminated objects (such as towels or locker room floors), or the soil.
A kerion is a scalp condition that occurs in severe cases of scalp ringworm (tinea capitis). A kerion appears as an inflamed, thickened, pus-filled area, and it is sometimes accompanied by a fever.The underlying condition, scalp ringworm, is a usually harmless fungal infection of the scalp and hair that occurs as scaly spots and patches of broken hair on the head. Ringworm of the scalp is most commonly seen in children. Though several different species of fungus may cause scalp ringworm, they are generally known as dermatophytes. Scalp ringworm may be acquired by direct contact with infected people or with contaminated objects that have been handled by infected people (such as combs, pillows, and sofas). Most commonly, scalp ringworm infections are caused by dermatophytes that prefer to grow on humans. Less commonly, the fungus may be spread from infected animals (zoophilic dermatophytes) or from the soil (geophilic dermatophytes).Kerions usually occur in people who have been infected with zoophilic dermatophytes. A kerion is believed to be an overly active response of the immune system or an allergic reaction to the fungus.
Tinea cruris is the medical term for jock itch, which is an itchy fungal infection of the skin of the groin. The rash of jock itch usually begins in the top creases of the thigh as raised, red, itchy patches and may become pink or red, flaky or bumpy as it spreads. The fungus (Trichophyton rubrum) is the same as that which causes other types of ringworm, including athlete's foot, so anyone with any type of ringworm may spread the infection to other areas on the body.Jock itch is easily treated, though it is contagious so it is best to avoid intimate contact or sharing of towels or clothes until it has gone away.
Where on the body is the most common place to get ringworm?
September means back to school – the end of a busy summer vacation season and time for Mom and Dad to relax as the kids are occupied with new friends and activities. Sometimes the close contact that kids have with each other can lend itself to the development of some common childhood skin infections. Here we review some of the more common infections seen in this age group:
An itchy scalp is very common, particularly in adults, and may or may not be due to any disease. If there is absolutely nothing visible accompanying an itchy scalp or just a few flakes of dry skin, you may have a mild case of dandruff.
Common problems affecting the hair and scalp include hair loss, infections, and disorders causing itching and scaling. Hair loss (alopecia) is a frequent concern for both men and women, although it is normal to shed some hair each day.
Children have maturing immune systems and are often in close proximity to one another, such as in day-care centers, classrooms, and on school busses. This makes the transmission of contagious diseases particularly easy and explains, in part, why these diseases are so common in children.
A skin condition that is limited to the hands and/or feet can have several possible causes. Many of these conditions on the hands or feet are itchy, but, in some people, they may not itch at all. If the condition starts suddenly for the first time and is associated with painful sores on the hands, feet, and mouth, consider hand, foot, and mouth disease.
Trauma, infection, skin disease, and even simply bearing weight on the feet can cause changes on the skin of the feet, including the toes and heel. Corns and calluses are an area of thickened skin caused by friction and pressure. Juvenile plantar dermatosis occurs in children on the sole of the front part of the foot and on the toes.
There are many types of skin rashes. A rash is an outbreak of many red bumps or patches on the skin. Many conditions can cause an itchy rash. In adults, several types of skin inflammation, various allergic reactions (contact dermatitis), and sometimes infection with a mite can cause a longstanding itchy skin rash.
There are several common causes for itchy, red bumps or patches on one or more skin areas. The conditions covered here are mostly limited to just a few bumps or to small areas of the body. Some of these disorders, however, may also involve large body areas, but these are discussed specifically under the Itchy Rash section.
Diabetics face a variety of potential skin problems. Those with diabetes are at an increased risk for bacterial or fungal skin infection. Infection with the bacteria Staphylococcus, commonly known as staph infection, causes styes, boils, folliculitis, and even deep infection (cellulitis), and this type of infection is even more serious in those with poor control of their diabetes (such as in those not following a proper diabetic diet). Fungal infections may affect the nails, body folds, genital regions, and feet.