A keloid is an overgrowth of thick, rubbery skin that usually occurs at a site where the skin was previously injured. The keloid often grows much larger than the original injury and can be flesh-colored, redder, or otherwise darker. Though they are usually bothersome only for cosmetic reasons, they can sometimes be painful, itchy, or tingly. A dermatologist can remove the keloid, but this reinjures the skin and the keloid will often grow back. The injury to the skin that causes the keloid can be very minor. Some people develop a keloid after getting their ears pierced or even just scratching their skin.
A fibrous papule of the nose is a harmless, small, raised pimple-like growth (papule) on the nose or central face that feels firm to the touch and is skin-colored or pink. There is usually a single papule, but you may have multiple papules.
Sutures, also known as stitches, are synthetic or animal gut-derived threads used to close a wound after a surgical procedure or injury. A variety of sutures exist that vary in size, strength, and durability. Stitches placed deep inside the wound always require the use of dissolvable (absorbable) sutures, whereas stitches visible on the skin (placed superficially) may use dissolvable or non-dissolving (non-absorbable) sutures.
Acne keloidalis nuchae, also known as keloidal folliculitis or nuchal keloidal acne, is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflamed bumps and scars on the back of the neck.Although it is not related to common acne (acne vulgaris), acne keloidalis nuchae initially appears as acne-like lesions of inflamed hair follicles (folliculitis) on the nape of the neck (nuchal area) and, without treatment, can result in large scars (keloids).
Mohs surgery is a technique used in the treatment of several skin cancers that allows for complete removal of the lesion while minimizing removal of otherwise normal adjacent skin. Any location in the body can be treated with Mohs surgery, but it is typically reserved for nonmelanoma skin cancers occurring on the following locations: Ears Eyelids Nose Lips Any sensitive location on the body that would have a higher risk of complications with regular surgical excision
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is an uncommon sexually transmitted disease caused by certain types of the bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. It is spread through having unprotected vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Lymphogranuloma venereum causes painful and swollen lymph nodes, which can then break down into large ulcers. The disease goes through 3 distinct stages as it develops. The first 2 stages of lymphogranuloma venereum may be minor, and you might not even be aware of any symptoms until you reach stage 3, called the genitoanorectal syndrome.
Milia are commonly found on the skin of people of all ages. They are formed when keratin (a substance produced by the skin) becomes entrapped beneath the outer layer of the skin, forming a tiny cyst. An individual milium (the singular of milia) is formed at the base of a hair follicle or sweat gland. Milia can be categorized as either primary or secondary. Primary milia are formed directly from entrapped keratin and are usually found on the faces of infants and adults. Secondary milia are also tiny cysts and look similar, but these develop after something clogs the ducts leading to the skin surface, such as after an injury, burn, or blistering of the skin.
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC), also known as basal cell epithelioma, is the most common form of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma usually occurs on sun-damaged skin, especially in light-skinned individuals with a long history of chronic sun exposure. Although it requires treatment to prevent it from becoming too invasive, basal cell carcinoma does not typically metastasize, or spread to lymph nodes or internal organs.There are several sub-types of basal cell carcinoma, including:Nodular BCC Infiltrating BCC Superficial BCC
Acne is one of the most common skin conditions worldwide and there is a wide spectrum of acne scarring from which patients can suffer. We write about the many treatment options patients can take to remedy their scars.
Any time you break your skin there is a potential to develop tissue on the healed wound that wasn’t there before. This tissue is a scar. In the care of my patients who’ve had any injury or surgery, my goal is to have the skin look as though there is no apparent scar. The best scenario would be that the patient heals so cleanly that no one else would know the skin had ever been broken.
Q: It seems like every time I get a pimple, it turns into a scar. How do I prevent that? A: You are right to focus on prevention. The first rule is, as tempting as it might be, don’t pick at your face! Picking at pimples irritates the skin and increases the risk of developing an inflammatory response that leads to scarring. Pay attention to how often you touch your face, consciously and unconsciously. Frequently touching your face can spread more bacteria, increasing the chance of acne scarring. Keep track of that habit and break it!
Q: My acne has improved, but now I’m left with scars. How do I get rid of them? A: The only key approach to acne scars is prevention. Treat acne promptly and for as long as it takes to clear. That’s 20/20 hindsight, of course, but it’s an important lesson. You will benefit from working closely with a knowledgeable dermatologist to treat your scars, and your condition might require multiple approaches. The best treatment for you depends on the type and severity of your scars.
When you become pregnant, body changes are guaranteed. Your physique, moods, and energy levels will alter as your baby develops. Pregnant women also may encounter changes on their skin. A dark line extending vertically down the abdomen (linea nigra) is one example. Another common example is striae, also known as stretch marks.
The tip of the iceberg… By the time you have made it to your Mohs surgery appointment, typically many prior steps have already happened. Perhaps you first noticed a bump or a spot that bled when you washed your face many months before. You thought it was a pimple or a blemish, but eventually, after several months, you realized this was not your average zit, and it was time to see a doctor.
Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer found in humans, and greater than half of all new cancers diagnosed are skin cancers. Basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas are respectively the first and second most common forms of skin cancer, and nearly half of all Americans who live to age 65 will be diagnosed with one of these types of cancer. These common cancers are usually found in the most sun-exposed parts of the body, appearing in the skin’s top layer as a scaly area or bump that doesn’t heal. They can occasionally bleed. If detected and treated early, these cancers have a greater than 95% cure rate.