Images of Cheilitis
Chapped lips (cheilitis) are lips that appear dry, scaly, and may have one or more small cracks (fissures). Often, the lips are sensitive, and there may or may not be redness (erythema) and swelling (edema) present. Retinoids (isotretinoin and acitretin) are the most frequent drug-induced causes for chapped lips. Other drugs reported to have induced chapped lips include:
- High doses of vitamin A
- Chemotherapeutic agents (busulfan and actinomycin)
Who's at risk?
Chapped lips may be seen in people of all ages. However, lip-licking cheilitis is usually seen in 7–15 year olds and is typically seen as a scaling, pink band around the mouth.
Signs and Symptoms
Chapped lips involves scaling (with or without fissures) and mild to moderate swelling of the lips.
To treat chapped lips:
- Discontinue use of the causing medications, if possible.
- If medications cannot be discontinued, apply petroleum jelly as often as needed.
- Avoid lip licking because this will only worsen the condition.
- Avoid "medicated" lip preparations because they increase the risk of developing an allergic reaction.
When to Seek Medical Care
See your primary care physician or dermatologist if you notice persistent scaling of the lips.
Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe
Lip-licking cheilitis is best treated with avoidance of the licking behavior. Drug-induced cheilitis is treated with avoidance of the offending drug, but if this is not possible, frequent application of petroleum jelly may help ease lip pain and irritation.
Trusted LinksMedlinePlus: Mouth DisordersClinical Information and Differential Diagnosis of Cheilitis
Bolognia, Jean L., ed. Dermatology, pp.1090-1091. New York: Mosby, 2003.
Freedberg, Irwin M., ed. Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. 6th ed, pp.698. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003.